1923 public laws – Ch. 136 Sec. 1

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CHAPTER 136 AN ACT TO AMEND THE CONSOLIDATED STATUTES AND TO CODIFY THE LAWS RELATING TO PUBLIC SCHOOLS. Whereas the acts of the General Assembly relating to public education are for the purpose of aiding all the people, and espe- cially school officials, in maintaining and conducting a system of public schools and in providing revenue for the same; and Whereas a great need is apparent for collecting all the laws relating to public education and codifying them in such a way as to set forth as clearly as possible the legal duties, powers, and responsibilities of the several school officials, in order to give them and all other friends of public education a clearer concep- tion of their duties in maintaining and conducting public schools in accordance with the needs of the people and the provisions of the Constitution: Now, therefore, The General Assembly of North Carolina do enact: PART I ARTICLE I. INTERPRETATIONS

A general and uniform system of schools. A general and uniform system of public schools shall be provided throughout the State, wherein tuition shall be free of charge to all children of the State between the ages of six and twentyone years. The length of term of each school shall not be less than six months or one hundred and twenty days, and every man or woman twenty-one years of age or over who has not completed a standard high school course of study, or who desires to study the vocational subjects taught in said school, shall be given equal privileges with every other student in school. The children of the white race and the children of the colored race shall be taught in separate public schools, but there shall be no discrimination in favor of or to the prejudice of either race. All white children shall be taught in the public schools provided for the white race, and all colored children shall be taught in the public schools provided for the colored race; but no child with negro blood, or what is generally known as Croatan Indian blood, in his veins, shall attend a school for the white race, and no such child shall be considered a white child. The descendants of the Croatan Indians, now living in Robeson, Sampson, and Richmond counties, shall have separate schools for their children. (C. S. 55388.) ; When the school officials are providing schools for one race it shall be a misdemeanor for the officials to fail to provide schools for the other races, and it shall be illegal to levy taxes on the property and polls of one race for schools in a district without levying it on all property and polls of all races within said district.

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