Laws

Snippet of words from an 1879 law specifying separation between races. Words include separate and white.

Example of a law in Laws and Resolutions of the State of North Carolina, passed by the General Assembly at its session of 1879 from the Internet Archive (contributed by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill University Libraries).

North Carolina Jim Crow Laws

Investigate the session laws passed by the North Carolina General Assembly during 1866/67-1967, identified as those likely to be Jim Crow laws. The laws include those identified by scholars, as well as those that were identified by machine learning and validated by scholars.

All Laws

Access our corpus of all session laws passed by the North Carolina General Assembly during 1866/67-1967. The corpus is enriched with descriptive XML metadata.

The Laws in Context

Read about Jim Crow, a system of racial apartheid that lasted nearly one hundred years. This piece by Dr. William Sturkey provides some context for the laws uncovered in this project.

The On the Books website is a product of a digital scholarship project and will not be maintained in perpetuity. The site will be reviewed August 31, 2023 (three years after creation). Depending on use, funding, and maintenance required, the site may be decommissioned and archived at that time. The text corpora created for this project will be preserved in the Carolina Digital Repository.
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