North Carolina Jim Crow Laws

Note: Jim Crow Laws were identified in three ways: solely by an expert, solely by the machine learning model explained here, or with both- identified by the model and confirmed by an expert. Each law’s “source” field will read “expert” if only identified by an expert, “model” if only the model was used, or “model and expert” if the law was identified by the model and also verified by an expert. A collection of all laws identified as likely to be Jim Crow in plain text format is available from the Carolina Digital Repository.

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That the sheriff, jailer, or other proper authorities of Robeson County shall provide in the common jail of Robeson County and in the Home for the Aged and Infirm of Robeson County separate cells, wards, or apartments for the said Indians of Robeson County, in all cases where it shall be necessary under the laws of this State to commit any of said Indians to said jail or County Home for the Aged and Infirm.

1911 public laws – Ch. 215 Sec. 6
Source: expert

That the Board of Directors for the State Hospital for the Insane at Raleigh are hereby authorized and directed to provide and set apart at said hospital, as soon after passage of this act as practicable, suitable apartments and wards for the accommodation of any of said Indians of Robeson County who may be entitled under the laws relating to insane persons to be admitted to said hospital.

1911 public laws – Ch. 215 Sec. 5
Source: expert

That the school situated near the town of Pembroke in Robeson County, known as Croatan Indian Normal School, shall hereafter be known and designated as The Indian Normal School of Robeson County, and in that name shall be entitled to all of the privileges and powers heretofore conferred by any law of the State of North Carolina or any laws hereafter enacted for the benefit of said school.

1911 public laws – Ch. 215 Sec. 4
Source: expert

That in all laws enacted by the General Assembly of North Carolina relating to said Indians subsequent to the enactment of said chapter fifty-one of the Laws of eighteen hundred and eighty-five, the words Croatan Indians be and the same are hereby stricken out and the words Indians of Robeson County inserted in lieu thereof.

1911 public laws – Ch. 215 Sec. 2
Source: expert

That said section four thousand two hundred and eightyeight of the Revisal of nineteen hundred and five be further amended by inserting after the word race, in line thirteen, the following words: Provided, that this shall not apply to the dead bodies of persons who are inmates of State hospitals, or to the bodies of travelers or strangers who die suddenly, or to the bodies of persons who die in the State School for the Blind or the Deaf and Dumb, or any other State school.

1911 public laws – Ch. 188 Sec. 2
Source: model

That the board of trustees of said Indian Norma! School of Robeson County shall have the power to employ and discharge teachers, to prevent negroes from attending said school, and to exercise the usual functions of control and management of said school, their action being subject to the approval of the State Board of Education.

1911 public laws – Ch. 168 Sec. 3
Source: expert

That the trustees or the superintendent of the Reform and Manual Training School for Colored Youths may in their judgment discharge such criminal youths that may have been admitted into the Reform and Manual Training School by and with the consent of the parents, guardians, or trustees, when it appears to them that the boy or girl has undergone a complete reformation, and shows signs of thrift, industry, and usefulness, and to become a good and useful citizen.

1911 public laws – Ch. 122 Sec. 17
Source: model

Maintenance. All moneys received by the trustees by private gifts, donations, or otherwise shall be expended in the establishment, operation, and maintenance of the school for the training and moral and industrial development of such delinquent children, and in securing homes for them; and in case the trustees receive or are allowed any State aid for said school, it shall be Pub.19 their duty to duly account for all moneys so received by them and to make report of the manner of its expenditure and of the work done by them as hereinafter more particularly provided for.

1911 public laws – Ch. 122 Sec. 12
Source: model

The training of inmates. The officers of the school shall receive and take into it all children committed thereto by competent a thority, or received therein as aforesaid, and shall cause all such children in the school to be instructed in such rudimentary branches of useful knowledge as may be suited to their various ages and capacities. The said children shall be taught such useful trades and given such manual training as the board may direct. And such children shall perform such manual labor as the principal or other superintending officers, subject to the direction of said board, may order. All inmates shall, if possible, be taught the precepts of the Holy Bible, good moral conduct, how to work and to be industrious. The board of directors shall first establish and maintain such departments of the Manual Training School as shall be adapted to the use of such class of boys as in the discretion of the board shall be most in need of such care and training and will probably be most benefited thereby.

1911 public laws – Ch. 122 Sec. 10
Source: model

Duty of judges to sentence youthful criminals to; commitment full authority for keeping child. It shall be the duty of the Governor, when the reformatory or school is ready to receive inmates, to make proclamation thereof, and the judges of the Superior Courts, recorders or other presiding officers of the city or criminal courts of this State, shall have the authority, and it shall be their duty, to sentence to said school all persons under the age of sixteen years convicted in any court of this State of any violation of the criminal laws: Provided such judge or other of said officers shall be of the opinion that it would be best for such person, and the community in which such person may be convicted, that such person should be so sentenced. And commitment, whether by judge or court, as hereinbefore provided, shall be full, sufficient and competent authority to the officers and agents of said school for the detention and keeping therein of the child so committed. SEc..7. Governor may transfer youthful prisoners to. The Goya ernor of the State may by order made transfer any colored person y under the age of sixteen years from any jail, chain gang, or penitentiary in this State to said reformatory.

1911 public laws – Ch. 122 Sec. 6
Source: model

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