North Carolina Jim Crow Laws

Note: Each law’s “source” field will read “expert” or “model” depending on how the law was identified. Jim Crow laws were identified in two ways: solely by an expert, or by the machine learning model explained here and confirmed by an expert. All laws identified as likely Jim Crow laws are also available in plain text format.

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That Anson Bailey, of Harnett County; J. Manning Chase, Nancy Anna Waldrop, C. C. Young, Mary E. Haydock and George W. Connor, of Henderson County; Emma Abbott, of Currituck County; Abbie Henderson, Mrs. Neil Leach, M. W. Hines, of Montgomery County; W. H. Miller, of Hertford County; Sam Wilkins, of Gates County; D. B. Caviness, Margaret A. Vick, T. H. Caviness, Mrs. A. E. Monroe, Margaret McAskill, Elizabeth Smith Gardner, Nora Lawhorn, Mary L. Sheffield and Mrs. J. B. Clark, of Moore County; Mrs. Finetty Edwards, of Yancey County; Sam Nelson, J. A. McDade and Fannie Ratcliffe, of Orange County; Mrs. Snow, widow of Steven Snow, Andrew Jackson Smith and Nannie Odell, of Rockingham County; Nancy E. Pinion, of Richmond County; Hannah Lowdermilk, of Randolph County; Mrs. J. A. Rector, of Burke County; M. N. Bissett, of Nash County; Mrs. Lizzie Dark, Mary Kirkman, of Chatham County; J. M. Yates, J. A. Pinnix and Mrs. V. A. Wilson, of Caswell County; W. H. Norris and Levi Green, of Watauga County; J. M. Stanley, of Brunswick County; Mary Jane Lowery, of Yadkin County; John A. Kennerly and William M. Deal, of Iredell County; Mrs. McCartha Smithwick, Mrs. Sue Smithwick, Mrs. Georgie Sallinger and Lizzie Cherry, of Bertie County; G. W. Shepherd, Marshall Baker and Cicero Darnell, of Ashe County; Rebecca Aycock and Lenora Stegall, of Union County; Martha J. Dillard, of Jackson County; R. T. Cratch, Sr., of Beaufort County; Catherine Taylor Hill, of Beaufort County; Zulieka Coghill, of Vance County; Ida Morgan and H. P. Grubb, of Rowan County; Nancy V. Thompson of Columbus County; Rebecca Brown, Etta Hazelton, Martha B. Elks, J. L. Moore, Martha A. Pierce, Nicey Bailey, Mary E. Ward and Fannie Ward Andrews, of Pitt County; John Finch of Nash County; Allie Bell of Cherokee County; Mrs. Missouri Laughter Freeman of Warren County; George W. Beeker of Davidson County; Ruth Brubaker of Yadkin County; Julia Ellen Malpass of Pender County; Mary Jane Wilson, of Davie County; Nancy Styron, of Pamlico County; Mollie Perry of Perquimans County; Naomi McCall, Hettie Owen, Alice Jones, Sarah Cisson, of Transylvania County; Mrs. Gergiana Rash of Johnston County; Mrs J. L. Thomason of Swain County; Martha Jane Sutton of Wayne County; Mrs. Lillie Johnson of Clay County; Ann C. Wade and Martha Childress, of Person County; Martha D. Long and William Thomas Jones, of Martin County, Cornelia Carlton and Mrs. V. N. Seawell of Duplin County; Mary Hinson, of Columbus County; Sallie Huffstickler, of Cleveland County; Mrs. Annie B. Mitchener of Franklin County; E. B. Gunter, of Wake County; Austin Allen and L. C. Perkinson, of Warren County; Mrs. J. (G. McCall of Transylvania County; G. F. Brock of Graham County; Mrs. Annie Taylor of Northampton County; Mrs. Sallie . Long of Caswell County; K. J. Carpenter, A. H. McDaniel, A. C. | Higgins, Dr. Romeo Hicks, J. M. Goode, John Edgerton, Isaac ] Hollifield, C. S. Lynch, E. E. Jones, E. M. Morgan, B. W. Free- 1man, Littlejohn Kennedy, A. N. Wall, D. M. Arrowood, Home (Guards, J. H. Crawford, J. L. Wright, Mrs. Elizabeth Martin, I Mrs. Jane Padgett, Mrs. Minerva Wilkes, Mrs. M. E. Crow, Hrs. Susan Frady, Mrs. Jennie Callahan, Mrs. Maggie Womack, 1 Mrs. Martha B. Harrell, Mrs. M. Bridges, Mrs. Jane Brackett, 1 Mrs. Katie Flack, Mrs. Mary Hyder, Mrs. Celia Taylor, Mrs. (Callie Wilson, Mrs. Jane White, Mrs. Maggie Trout, all of 1 Rutherford County; Mrs. Fannie I. Perry, of Bertie County; LRaspberry Wood, of Jackson County; Mattie Wilkerson, of (Catawba County; Mrs. Annie Eliza Huggins, Brunswick County; tthat Hardy J. Stokes, Mrs. Lanie Skinner, Mrs. Mary E. Stocks, Mrs. Sallie King, Mrs. Hattie Stokes, Mrs. Lydia C. Gardner, Mrs. Mary E. Crawford, Mrs. Nannie Little, Mrs. Clara Ann [Davis, all of Pitt County; Mr. R. H. W. Barker, of Lincoln (County; Mrs. Eva Jones, of Wayne County; Mrs. Callie Hardin, sof Ashe County, be and are hereby placed on the pension roil for their respective counties, in the fourth class: Provided, that ithe names of those placed upon the pension roll, either by virtue lof this or any special act during the session of one thousand inine hundred and twenty-seven, be referred to the State Board of Pensions, which shall have full power to investigate and to remove from said pension roll any one who in their judgment should be removed for any cause: Provided, further, all pensions hereby allowed and provided for shall be payable only after investigation and report by the local county pension boards to the effect that each of said applicants is in fact an ex-Confederate veteran or the wife of such, and is entitled to a pension under the general pension laws of the State.

1927 public laws – Ch.165 Sec.1
Source: model

Whenever the justices of the peace, under the provisions of the preceding section, shall direct any insane person to be removed to the asylum as a patient for safekeeping, it shall be their duty to make a full report of their proceedings to the clerk of the superior court of their county. The following interrogatories with their respective answers by competent witnesses shall likewise be transmitted with the other papers to the board of directors: Question 1 What is the name of the patient? Question 2 Is he or she white or colored ? Question 3 What is his or her age? Question 4 Is he or she married or single ? Question 5 What is the supposed cause of insanity ? Question 6 In what way is the disease exhibited ? Question 7 Has any medical treatment been pursued ? If so, what kind, and by whom? Question 8 How long has he or she been insane? Count from first symptoms. Question 9 Has the patient manifested any propensity to injure himself or others? If so, in what way ? Question 10, Has he or she been subject to epilepsy ? Question 11 Has any of his or her ancestors been insane? If so, state what ancestors, and what was the character of their insanity ? Question 12 Has he orshe any family, and, if so, what persons compose it? 26 Question 13 Are any of them insane, and what is the character of such insanity ? Question 14 What is the occupation of the patient ? Question 15 How many attacks of mental disease has the patient had? Question 16 Are the parents of the insane person related by blood? If so, what is the degree of relationship ? Question 17 Has the applicant property? If so, state in what such property consists, and what is the value thereof? Question 18 Is the applicant under any forcible restraint? If so, what? Question 19 Has the patient received any aid from the county? If so, what? Question 20 Give name and address of the friends of the patient, with whom the superintendent can regularly correspond in his behalf.

1881 public laws – Ch.206 Sec.16
Source: model

That all property, both real and personal, of the public schools within said town shall become the property of said graded schools, and shall be vested in said School Commissioners in trust for the graded schools: Provided, that in the event said graded schools shall be discontinued, the said property shall become the property of the public schools of said town, the property of the white school to go to public schools for whites, and property of colored school going to public school for colored children.

1900 public laws – Ch.4 Sec.16
Source: model

Tnat it shall be the duty of said School Commissioners to establish graded schools in said town, one for white children and one for colored children, and to appropriate the funds derived from said special taxes and from all other sources, for the maintenance of said schools so as to equalize the school facilities between the races.

1900 public laws – Ch.4 Sec.9
Source: model

That the territory embraced within the corporate limits of the town of Lexington, Davidson County, shall be and is hereby constituted the Lexington Graded School District for White and Colored.

1900 public laws – Ch.4 Sec.1
Source: model

If the applicant for registration is an Indian, his name shall appear in a separate column from the columns for the names of the white and colored persons.

1900 public laws – Ch.1 Sec.12
Source: model

That before the next general election on the first Thursday in August, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred, provided for in this Act, there shall be an entirely new registration of all persons who shall be entitled to register, in every voting precinct in the State, and only such persons as are registered shall be entitled to vote in any election held under this act. That in all cases the applicant for registration shall be sworn by the registrar, before being registered, and shall state and answer his name, age, place of birth; place of residence; stating ward, if he resides in an incorporated town or city; number of his house, if numbered, and if not numbered, then a designation of its locality by streets; and if not the owner, then the name of the owner or renter. If not a resident of an incorporated town or city, he shall then state his place of residence in the election precinct; and if he is not the owner of the house in which he lives, then he shall state the name of the person who does own the same; or upon whose land he lives; the time of his residence in said county, ward or election precinct; and, if not known to the registrars to be qualified to register, his avocation, place of business, where and by whom employed, if employed; if a new comer, from whence he came, and his post-office address before removal; whether he has been disqualified as a voter by judgment or decree of any court; if so, by what court reinstated; and any other questions which may be material upon the question of the identity and qualification of the said applicant to be admitted to registration. The registrar, if in doubt as to the right of the applicant to register, may require other evidence satisfactory to him as to the qualification of the applicant. And thereupon if the applicant shall be found to be duly qualified and entitled to be registered as an elector, the registrar shall register the applicant, giving his race opposite his name, and shall record his name, age, residence, place of birth, and the township, county or State from whence he has removed, in the event of a removal, in the appropriate column of the registration books, and the reg: istration books containing the said record shall be evidence against the applicant in any court of law in a proceeding for false or fraudulent registration: Provided, that nothing herein contained shall prevent any elector, or judge of election, on the day of election and when the elector presents himself to vote, from challenging the right of the elector to vote. If an elector has been previously admitted to registration in any ward, pre cinct or township in the county in which he resides, he shall not be entitled to register again in another ward, precinct or township in the same county, until he produces a certificate of the registrar in the former township, ward or precinct that his name has been erased from the registration books of the ward, precinct or township from which he has removed, and the identity of any person claiming the right to be registered in any precinct of the same county by virtue of said certificate, with the person named therein, shall be proven to the registrar if not known to him. Every person qualified as an elector shall take the following oath: T do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support the Conslitution of the United States, and the Constitution of the State of North Carolina, not inconsistent therewith; that I have been a resident of the State of North Carolina for twelve months and of the county Of ……. 0.05. for ninety days; that I am twentyone years of age; that I have not registered for this election in anv other ward, precinct or township; that I am the identical person I represent myself to be, and that I am a bona fide resiMOU TPOL tert iee ose ea precinct. So help me God. And thereupon the said person, if qualified, shall be entitled to register.

1900 public laws – Ch.1 Sec.11
Source: model

The board of commissioners for the county of Wayne, if, in their discretion, they may deem it advisable, is hereby authorized, with the assent of a majority of the qualified voters of the township of Goldsboro, to establish a graded school for white children, and a graded school for colored children in said township. The special taxes which may annually be levied for such schools shall not exceed one-fifth of one per cent. on property, and sixty cents on the poll. An election shall be held in said township on the first Monday in May, anno domini eighteen hundred and eighty, to determine whether a majority of the qualified voters of said township will assent to the payment of such annual special taxes for the purposes aforesaid. Each qualified voter shall vote a written or printed ballot with the words for school or no school, and the election shall be conducted under the same rules, regulations and penalties as is prescribed by law for the election of members of the general assembly. The sheriff of the county of Wayne shall collect the taxes authorized by this section and his duties and liabilities shall be the same as is now provided by law for the collection and disbursement of the state and county taxes. The board of commissioners for Wayne county and the board of commissioners for the town of Goldsboro shall make such rules and regulations for the government of said graded schools, as they may in their discretion determine, not incosistent with the laws of North Carolina. The taxes raised from the property and polls of white persons shall be appropriated exclusively to a graded school for white persons, and the taxes raised from the property and poll, of colored persons shall be appropriated exclusively to a graded school for colored persons.

1880 public laws – Ch.27 Sec.8
Source: expert

The special taxes thus levied and collected from the taxable property and polls of white persons shall be expended in keeping up a graded public school for white persons of both sexes between the ages of six and twentyone years ; and the special taxes thus levied and collected from the taxable property and polls of colored persons shall be expended in keeping up a graded public school for colored persons of both sexes, between the ages of six and twenty-one years: Provided, that the Salisbury graded school committee shall have power to receive into the graded school for white persuns any white pupil of either sex, without regard to age: and shall also have the power to admit to the graded school for colored persons any colored pupil of either sex, without regard to age.

1880 public laws – Ch.27 Sec.3
Source: expert

That the board of education of Edgecombe, Brunswick, Pender and Washington counties shall at the time prescribed by law for distribution of the public school funds for said counties in the year eighteen hundred and eighty, ascertain the amount of outstanding and unpaid school drafts that have been issued for teachers wages prior to the first day of November, one thousand eight hundred and seventy-eight, in accordance with law; and shall notify the school committees of the several districts by advertisement at the court house of the amount of claims outstanding against each several district, together with the amount then due the same, having regard to the distinction between the white and colored schools; and it shall be the duty of the treasurer of said counties to pay the said old drafts out of any school money in his hands belonging to the district or districts upon which said draft or drafts were drawn.

1880 public laws – Ch.22 Sec.1
Source: model
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