North Carolina Jim Crow Laws
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Be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of Lue Board of school commissioners of every town or city, to number the white children of the corporation between the ages of 6und 21, and as soon as they receive a statement of the amount of money appropriated for schools for any one year, to provide first for primary schools for all the. children who need them, and if, after such provision, there be other finds, they may be used for schools of higher grade, and all the white children of the corporation, between the ages of 6 and 21, shall be entitled to attend the publie schools which they are qualified to ent.r: Provided, That the grades in the schoo] shall regularly ascend, and the school commissioners shall be required to establish the lowest first, and next the schools of the next higher grade, and so on upward,
Beit further enacted, That the authorities of cities and incorporated towns, establishing Public Schools, according to the provisions of this Act, shall be required to sett apart all the funds of said corporation that can be spared from other purposes, required by their charters and laws, passed in accordance herewith, for educational purposes, and in addition to the powers of taxation, with which they are already invested, they shall be authorized to levy and collect a poll tax on every white male inhabitant of the corporation, over twenty-one years old, of not more than two dollars, to be wholly appropriated to the use of the Public Schools.
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina, and it is hereby enacted by the aw thority of the same, That the Ist section of the 5th chapter of the Revised Code, entitled Apprentices, be amended by striking out the words also the children of free negroes where the parents, with whom such children may live, do not habitually employ their time in some honest, industrious occupation, and all free base born children of color, aftr the word mother, in the 14th line, and insert, in lieu thereof, the words and all base born children whose mothers may not have the means or ability to support them, and that the second section of said chapter be amended by striking out the words if white, but if colored, till twentyone, after the words eighteen years, in the fourth line.
When state taxes to be paid by sheriff : On or before the first day of October in each year every sheriff shall return on oath to the auditor of the state a duplicate account of all taxes collected by him, adding the sum apparently due from the tax list, the amounts collected for penalties for deliquents. The auditor shall deduct from the sum as returned: 1 The amount of taxes charged against any person whom the clerk of the commissioners shall certify to have appealed from a decision of the commissioners respecting his liability, and to have given the bond required: Provided, That the clerk of the court to which the appeal was taken shall certify that it is pending and undecided. The sum so unliquidated shall be carried forward by the auditor as a charge against the sheriff on his next years account from year to year until the decision of the appeal, after which they shall be collected and paid or balanced, if the final decision be in favor of the appellant. 2 All poll taxes and taxes on personal property certified by the commissioners of the county through their chairman or clerk to be insolvent and uncollectable. 3 Five per centum commissions on the amount collected and traveling expenses to and from the city of Raleigh, at the rate of ten cents per mile by the usual route of travel. 4 All payments duly made upon the order of the anditor of the state.
The clerk of the commissioners, on or before the tirst Monday in August after the lists are returned, shall return to the auditor an abstract of the same, showing the number of acres of land and their value, and the value of town lots, and the number of white and colored polls separately, and specify every other subject of taxation, and the amount as state and county tax paid on each subject, and the amount paid on the whole. At the same time the elerk shall return to the auditor an abstract of the lists of the poor, county and school taxes paid in his county, setting forth separately the tax levied on each poll and on each hundred dollars value of real property for each purpose, and also the gross amount of taxes of every kind levied for county purposes.
The General Assembly of North Carolina do enact, That Rev. H. B. Hayes, M. McWilliams and Willis Moss, be and they are hereby authorized to remove said house to a lot westward of the executive mansion, there to be used as a house of worship by the colored people of MNaleigh known as Christians.
What to be declared void at all times: All marriages between a white person snd a negro, or _indian, or between a white person and a negro or indian descent, to the third generation inclusive, shal] be absol utely void to all intents and purposes, and shall be so held and declared by every court at all times, whether during the lives or atter the deaths of the parties thereto; and it shall not be lawful for the issue of any such marriage to be legitimated to the supposed father.
Who may not: All marriages between a white person and a negro or Indian, or between a white person and a person of negro or Indian descent, to the third generation inclusive, or between ny two persons nearer of kin than first cousins, or between a male person under sixteen years of age and any female, or between a female person under fourteen years of age and uny male, or between persons either of whom has a husband or wife living at the time of such marriage, or between persons either of whom is at the time thereof physically impotent, or is incapable of contracting from want of will or understanding, shall be void: Provided, That no marriage tollowed by cohabitation and the birth of issue shall be declared void after the death of either of the parties for any ef the causes stated in this section, except tor that one of the parties was a white person and the other a negro or Indian, or of negro or Indian descent to the third generation inclusive, and tor bigamy. (Id. s. 7, 8, 9.)
It shall be the duty of the secretary of the county board of education tor each county to report to the superintendent of public instruction on or before the fifteenth day of October of every year, full and accurate statistics, showing the number of free schools in the county, the length of the term ot each, the race, sex, number, and average attendance of pupils, as reported to him under the provisions of the twenty-ninth section of this act, and the race, sex and number of teachers as reported to him under the provisions of the fifteenth section of this act. And also the number of school children in the county, as reported to the county board of education under the provisions of section forty-seven of this act. And if any secretary of a vounty board ef education shall fail to comply with the provisions of this section at the time above stated, he shall. be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof, in the superior court of his county; he shall be fined not less than fifty dollars and not more than two hundred dollars. vy
Every teacher or principal of a school to ee aid shall be given under the provisions of this act, shall keep a daily record of all absences of pupils, and of the grade in scholarship and deportment of each. The grades in scholarship shall be indicated by the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5; one representing the first or highest grade, and five the lowest, and the three intermediate numbers, the three intermediate grades. The grades in deportment shall be represented by the same numbers and in the same order. At the end of every term of a two or four munths school, and also on or before the first day of October of every year, every teacher of a free school shall deliver to the secretary ot the eounty board of education, a catalogue of the pupils ot the school, in which the average attendance, the scholarship, and the deportment of each pupil shall be shown, by three columns of numbers parallel to the column of names. He shall also give an abstract statement of the length of the term of the school, of the race, number, sex and average attendance of the pupils, also the township and district in which his school is situated.